词汇精选:liable的用法和辨析

一、详细释义:adj.有…倾向的,易…的例句:Any pitcher is liable to crack during a tight game.任何一个投手在紧张的比赛中都可能会失常。例句:They are liable to knock him

一、详细释义:

adj.

有…倾向的,易…的

例句:

Any pitcher is liable to crack during a tight game.

任何一个投手在紧张的比赛中都可能会失常。

例句:

They are liable to knock him off.

他们可能会干掉他。

有责任的,有义务的

例句:

The airline's insurer is liable for damages to the victims' families.

航空公司所投的保险公司有责任向受害者家属赔付损害赔偿金。

例句:

As the killings took place outside British jurisdiction, the Ministry of Defence could not be held liable.

谋杀案发生在英国司法管辖范围外,故国防部无须对其负责。

二、词义辨析:

liable,apt,likely,prone,subject

这些形容词均含“倾向于……的;易于……的”之意。liable指易于产生某种不利的结果,侧重偶然性,常表示警告或提醒。apt口语中常用,指自然的或习惯的倾向,无特殊的褒贬意味,常指在一般情况下发生的事。likely侧重可能性,用于指将来,预言希望或所不希望的结果。prone多用于人,着重其本性,或倾向于某种错误、弱点或不良行为等。subject指确实可以察觉的倾向,也就是总结出来的规律。

三、参考例句:

He was liable for his employees' accidents.

他应对雇工的工伤事故负责。

We are liable to make mistakes.

我们都易犯错误。

You are liable for all damage.

你应负赔偿一切损坏的责任。

They are liable to knock him off.

他们可能会干掉他。

He is primarily liable for his debt.

他对债务负主要责任。

Gerald Levin is liable to compromise.

杰罗德·列文很可能会妥协。

A feeble attempt is liable to fail.

浅尝辄止多半是要失败的。

Every man is liable to error.

人人都可能犯错误。

I'll be liable for her mistakes.

我得为她的的错负责。

Parents are liable for children's education.

父母应负责孩子的教育。

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