词汇精选:witness的用法和辨析

一、详细释义:n.目击者;见证人 [C]例句:I was a witness to their quarrel.我是他们吵架时的目击者。例句:The witness related what he had seen.目击者讲述了他所见到的事情。

一、详细释义:

n.

目击者;见证人 [C]

例句:

I was a witness to their quarrel.

我是他们吵架时的目击者。

例句:

The witness related what he had seen.

目击者讲述了他所见到的事情。

【律】证人;连署人 [C]

例句:

The gangster’s friends bought off the police witness.

歹徒的朋友们买通了警察方面的证人。

例句:

The witness was demoralized by the cross-examination.

证人被反复诘问搞胡涂了。

证据;证言 [U,C]

例句:

She was punished for giving false witness.

她因作伪证受到惩处。

v.

目击;注意到 [T]

例句:

I witnessed the traffic accident.

我目睹了那次交通事故。

例句:

The girl had no word for the sights she had witnessed.

这女孩无法形容她所目击的事。

是发生...的地点(或时间) [T]

为...作证;作证;证明 [I,T]

例句:

My wife will witness that I was at home all evening.

我妻子将会证明我整晚都呆在家里。

例句:

Several people witnessed against the accused.

几个人作了不利于被告的证明。

作...的证人;在(文件)上签名作证,连署 [T]

例句:

The two servants witnessed Mr. Smith's will.

两个仆人在史密斯先生的遗嘱上签名作证。

例句:

Will you witness my signature, please?

请问你能对我的签字作证吗?

二、词义辨析:

look,see,watch,observe,witness

这些动词均有“看”之意。look侧重“看”的动作。see指看见。watch指用眼睛跟随某物,以便对每一个变化、运动等进行观察。observe侧重以客观的态度进行观察。witness指当场看见,亲眼看见。

三、相关短语:

bear witness

v. 作证,证明

witness stand

n. 证人席

expert witness

鉴定人

hostile witness

恶意证人

character witness

n. 在法庭中对涉讼之一方人格名誉作证的见证人,品德信誉见证人

witness box

证人席

adverse witness

【法】 相反的证人, 敌对证人

false witness

【经】 假见证

lay witness

【法】 外行证人

四、参考例句:

Objection! Badgering the witness.

反对!诱导证人。

There is a witness everywhere

群众的眼睛是雪亮的

I think she will witness against him.

我认为她会证明他有罪。

I was a witness to their quarrel.

我是他们吵架时的目击者。

Did anyone witness the traffic accident?

有谁目击了这场交通事故?

The witness stated the facts very clearly.

证人把事实陈述得很清楚。

Will you witness my signature, please?

请问你能对我的签字作证吗?

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